Minister of Industry and Information Technology, Miao Wei, said at the press conference of the State Council Office on the 20th that in 2018, China's industrial added value exceeded 30 trillion yuan, and the output of more than 220 industrial products ranked first in the world.
Miao Wei pointed out that since the founding of the People's Republic of China 70 years ago, especially since the reform and opening up, China's industry has achieved a historic leap. In 1992, China's industrial added value exceeded the 1 trillion yuan mark, and by 2018 it broke through 30 trillion yuan. In 2018, China's manufacturing added value accounted for more than 28% of the world's share, becoming an important engine driving global industrial growth. Among the more than 500 major industrial products in the world, more than 220 industrial products account for the largest production in China.
He said that China attaches great importance to the construction of industrial systems. After 70 years of development, it now has 41 industrial categories, 207 industrial categories, and 666 industrial sub-categories, forming an independent and complete modern industrial system. It is the only country in the world with all the industrial categories in the UN industry classification. .
As the main body of innovation, enterprises continue to increase investment in research and development, and the level of technological innovation is constantly improving, which has become the fundamental driving force and source for promoting China's sustained and rapid development. In 2017, the R&D investment intensity of industrial enterprises above designated size increased from 0.56% in 2004 to 1.06% last year. The number of effective invention patents in industrial enterprises above designated size reached 934,000, an increase of 29.8 times over 2004. Power generation equipment, power transmission and transformation equipment, rail transit equipment, communications equipment and other industries have been in the leading position in the world.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the deep integration of industrialization and informatization in China has been further accelerated, and the development of intelligent manufacturing has achieved positive results. Miao Wei said that as of June 2019, the penetration rate of digital R&D design tools reached 69.3%; the numerical control rate of key processes reached 49.5%. At the same time, the proportion of enterprises engaged in networked collaboration, service-oriented manufacturing, and large-scale personalized customization reached 35.3%, 25.3%, and 8.1%, respectively. There are more than 50 industrial Internet platforms with certain influence in China, and the number of connected devices on the key platforms has reached 590,000. In 2018, the scale of the digital economy reached 31.3 trillion yuan, ranking second in the world.
In the past 70 years, China's small and medium-sized enterprises and private enterprises have flourished, playing a unique and important role in increasing employment, stabilizing growth, and promoting innovation. The role of the national economy as a new force has also become increasingly prominent. By the end of 2018, the number of SMEs in China has exceeded 30 million, and the number of individual industrial and commercial households has exceeded 70 million, contributing more than 50% of the national tax revenue, more than 60% of GDP, more than 70% of technological innovations and 80. More than % of the labor force is employed.